1. My Family
1. Our family is large (small, not very large).
2. We are the family of seven (two, three, four, five, six): my mother, my father, my grandmother, my grandfather, my sister, my brother and I.
3. My mother’s name is …
4. She is … years old.
5. She is a teacher (a doctor, a worker, an engineer).
6. She is a very nice, kind and clever woman.
7. My father’s name is…
8. He is … years old.
9. He is a worker (a teacher, an engineer, a doctor, a businessman).
10. He is tall and strong.
11. He is a man of strong character — and all of us love him very much.
12. My grandmother’s name is…
13. She is … years old. She does not work now, she is a pensioner, but she has a lot of work to do about the house. All of us try to help her.
14. My grandfather’s name is… He is… years old. He is a pensioner too.
15. My brother and sister are students (pupils). Their names are … They are older (younger) than me.
16. We are a very good family. We love each other very much. In the evenings, when all the members of our family get together after work and study, we like to watch TV, to read books and newspapers, to talk about different things and to discuss all our problems together.
17. When the weather is good we sometimes go for a walk. We have a small house in the country with a garden and a kitchen-garden. There is much work there and on week-ends we go there and work and have rest all together.
Hobby is what people like to do in their free time
Different people are fond of different hobbies
Collecting things is one of the most popular hobbies
People collect stamps, coins, cards, toys and many other things
Sometimes collections are thematic
When collecting things people learn many new and interesting things and enlarge their outlook
Reading, painting, dancing and playing sports are also popular hobbies
A lot of people are fond of going to the cinema, to the theatre, listening to music, visiting museums and galleries.
Travelling is also a hobby.
People visit different places, meet interesting people and get new information.
As for me, my hobby is taking pictures
I’m fond of it because it is interesting and I like to take pictures of my family, of nature and beautiful places
2. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns.
3. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different music.
4. People can travel by air, by rail, by sea or by road.
5. Of course, travelling by air is the fastest and the most convenient way, but it is the most expensive too.
6. Travelling by train is slower than by plane, but it has its advantages.
7. Speed, comfort and safety are the main advantages of trains and planes.
8. That is why many people prefer them to all other ways.
9. As for me, I prefer travelling by car.
10. I think it’s very convenient.
11. You can stop wherever you wish, and spend at any place as much time as you like.
12. Every year my family and I go somewhere to the South for holidays.
13. As a rule, I make new friends there.
14. I like to play volleyball, tennis, to swim in the warm water of the sea and to sit on the beach watching the sea and enjoying the sunset.
4. Primary schools in England
In Great Britain school begins at the age of 4 or 5.
At first children go to infant school and spend 3 years there.
Infant school is informal.
Classes begin at 9 o’clock.
Children sit not only at their desks and on the carpet on the floor.
They listen to the teacher, sing songs and play a lot.
They learn how to get on with other children, how to use money, read, count.
At the age of 7 children go to junior school and spend 4 years there.
It is a real school; pupils sit in rows and follow a regular timetable.
They learn English, Maths, History, Nature study, Physical Education, Geography, Art, Music.
Schools in England have names, not numbers.
In many primary schools children wear uniforms.
5. The United States of America
The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world
It is situated in the central part of the North American continent.
The population of the United States is nearly 250 million people
The official language of the country is English.
The USA is made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia where the capital of the country, Washington, is situated.
The American flag is often called «The Stars and Stripes»
There are 50 stars on the American flag: one star for each state.
The American flag has 13 stripes: one stripe for each of the first 13 colonies of the USA.
The eagle became the national emblem of the country in 1782.
It has an olive branch (a symbol of peace) and arrows (a symbol of strength).
You can see the eagle on the back of a dollar bill.
One of the most famous symbols of the USA is the Statue of Liberty in New York.
France gave the statue to America in1884 as a symbol of friendship.
Every state in the USA has its own flag, its own symbol and its own song too.
6. From the history of London
London is the capital of Great Britain.
Many years ago the Romans built a town on the River Thames.
The name of the town was Londinium.
The Romans built a lot of roads from Londinium to other parts of Britain.
Londinium became bigger and richer.
Until 1749 there was only one bridge over the river: London Bridge.
The old London Bridge looked very strange.
There were houses and shops on the bridge.
Now there are 27 bridges over the Thames and 8 tunnels under the river.
There are so many important events in the history of London.
One of them is the Great Fire of London.
After the fire people built a new city.
Now London is one of the biggest and most beautiful cities in the world.
That’s why I`d like to visit London and to see it with my own eyes.
7. THE LAND AND THE PEOPLE OF GREAT BRITAIN
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the official name of state which is situated in the British Isles.
It consist of four countries which are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland
Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
The UK is an island state.
The UK is separated from the continent by the English Channel and the Straits of Dover.
The UK is also washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and the North Sea in the east.
Everyone who was born in Britain is British.
People from England are English.
People from Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland are not English. They are Scottish or Scots; Welsh and Irish.
More than 56 million people live in Britain.
Many of them live in big industrial cities like London, Manchester and Liverpool.
Everyone in Britain speaks English, but in some parts of Scotland and Wales people speak different languages as well.
The Welsh are especially proud of their language.
As you know, the flag of the United Kingdom is known as the Union Jack.
It is made up of three crosses: the cross of St. George (the patron saint of England), the cross of St. Andrew (the patron saint of Scotland) and the cross of St. Patrick (the patron saint of Ireland).
Russia is the biggest country in the world.
Russia is situated on two continents: Europe and Asia.
The capital of Russia is Moscow.
Russia is a very rich country.
There are many mountains, rivers, lakes and forests in my country, some of which are very beautiful.
The Volga is the longest river in Europe.
Seas and oceans wash Russia in the north, south, east and west.
The plant and animal worlds of my country are also very rich.
There are lots of different animals, birds and plants in our forests, fields and mountains.
One Russia symbol is the Russian national flag.
This flag has three wide stripes on it: white (the symbol of nobleness), blue (the symbol of honesty) and red (the symbol of love and bravery).
Another symbol of Russia which all Russian people know and love is the birch tree.
People sing beautiful songs with poetic words about birch trees and plant them near their houses.
Russia is my country and I love it very much!
9. British and Russian traditions
Every nation and every country has its own traditions and customs.
In Britain traditions play a more important role in the life of people than in other countries.
British people are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up.
English holidays St. Valentine’s Day, St. Patrick’s Day, Halloween have also become traditional American holidays.
6 ravens are one of the most famous sights at the Tower of London.
Each has got its name and the keepers carefully look after them.
If one of the birds dies, another younger raven takes its place.
Londoners believe that if the ravens leave the Tower of London, the Crown and England will fall.
Another old English tradition is Guy Fawkes Day.
Children stand in the streets and squares asking for the usual “Penny for the Guy”
In the evening people watch fireworks.
People in Russia have their own special traditions.
One of them is Maslenitsa – the holiday, which lasts for a week, to say “goodbye” to winter.
During this holiday people usually cook pancakes, have fires, burn straw scarecrows of winter.
Though different countries have different traditions and holidays people all over the world know some of them: Easter, Christmas and New Year.
10. ENGLISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES
I think English is the most popular language nowadays.
People speak English all over the world.
In many countries people learn English as a foreign language.
English has become an international language in the 20th century.
People will understand you practically everywhere if you speak English.
Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand are English-speaking countries.
Through they all speak English, yet it is a little different
People speak American English in the USA and British English in Great Britain.
Different words often name the same things.
People live in flats in England but they live in apartments in America.
They eat cookies and candies in the USA, but biscuits and sweets in Great Britain.
Children go to school in the fall in America but in autumn in England.
I learn English as a foreign language and I like it.